|M.Sc Student||Katoshevsky Rachel|
|Subject||Children in Community Settlemenis and Children in Urban|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Arza Churchman|
The Study deals with the neighborhood environment as a physical and social environment for children. The goal of the Study was to examine the relationship between the outdoor activity of the children and the type of settlement where they live; i.e. to learn about the influence of the type of neighborhood on children, as a group of Study, as a basis for urban planning in accordance with the children’s needs.
The study was based upon individual interviews that included two different techniques: questionnaires with children and parents and drawing of maps by the children. The sample consisted of ninety children (30 from each neighborhood/settlement) who had graduated 5th or 6th grade, and their parents.
Analysis of the results of this study indicated the following: a Suitable neighborhood for the children is a “Compact” neighborhood namely, not a large neighborhood, with a continuity of buildings and one or two centers. Also the location of the neighborhood close to city centers is important. It was found that such a neighborhood makes it possible for the children to be autonomous in their activities in their neighborhood as well as outside of it. In addition, it was found that free activity of the children in their neighborhood is an important factor in the level of satisfaction of the children and their parents from the neighborhood. Analysis of the map drawings by the children reveals that there is no significant difference between boys and girls in the knowledge of their surrounding. Apparently the sex of the Children does not make any difference in the way the parents relate to limitations put upon their Children
The Planning implications are that it is important to plan the neighborhood according to the needs of the children. Also, it is important to create a “compact” neighborhood which will make it possible for the children to get around freely.