טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentYosiphia Michalak
SubjectDevelopment of Climatic Design Guidelines for Homes for the
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Mr. Hoffman Milo-Emil
Architect Tibon Haim


Abstract

The forecast increase in the proportion of the elderly age group in Israel indicates a corresponding increase in the demand for new homes for it.

In the present study, climatic design guidelines were developed for these homes, given the importance of thermal comfort for the inmates who stay in the building days and nights the year round.

In the architectonic part a matrix was constructed for use as an analytical framework. Horizontally,         this matrix comprises 7 climatically relevant parameters external and internal envelope components; windows; shading devices; balconies; facade orientation; heating, cooling and ventilation facilities Vertically it comprises 5 basic design units single rooms for independent or physically frail inmates; three bed rooms for nursing inmates; two desk offices for the staff; day rooms and public halls (36 and 200 seats respectively). In the climatic part, it was established that thermal comfort requirements are a function of age. Because of its weakened capability of thermal regulation, the elderly organism is insensitive to temperature fluctuations — with the corresponding decrease in the sense of discomfort, and the attendant lowered danger threshold. Accordingly, insulation of the envelope components and heating/cooling facilities should be oriented towards extreme regimes (sharav and frost), with allowance for the energy—saving aspect via passive systems.

The guidelines — determined with the aid of the computerized TTTC method, are set out in the matrix for the designer’s convenience.