|M.Sc Student||Miran Vered|
|Subject||The Changing Structure of the Moshav Past and Future|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Dr. Rachel Wilkansky|
This is a theoretical study based on existing literature and documents dealing with the changes which occurred in the structure of the moshav over the years. The purpose of this study is to survey the problems of the moshav, describe the proposed solutions that might answer those problems and make recommendations for changes in the future.
The paper begins with a short review of the various forms of rural settlement in Israel and then focuses on the moshav. The study describes the moshav’s problems: employment and unemployment, Conflict between different social groups, problems of the second generation, functioning of the cooperatives, and ideology changes. The solutions proposed to those problems are of two kinds: one kind of solutions deals with internal changes of the moshav; the second kind of solutions relates to different organizational structures which might replace the “classic” moshav. L. Appe1baum suggests some solutions to the problems inside the moshav, such as different kinds of cooperatives: a “producer” cooperative, a “service” cooperative or a “municipal” association. R. Bar-el deals especially with the problem of employment in the moshav and his contribution lies in the proposed industrialization of the moshav. Another proposed solution is a change in the overall “program” or set up of the moshav; two committees examined this issue, one on behalf of the Ministry Of The Interior, the other one on behalf of the Ministry Of Agriculture and the Jewish Agency. Both gave recommendations for a new “program” for the moshav: increasing the number of families, diversifying the types of employment and changing the internal organization of the moshav.
R. Weitz, L. Appelbaum and D. Newman examined other solutions that were defined as changes to the classic moshav: the cooperative village, the industrial village, and private and communal settlements.
Evaluation of the different proposals was based on a set of criteria of three different levels: the moshav level, the regional level and the national level. Every criterion was given a specific weight in the evaluation process.
The findings show that the proposed change of the “program” is the best solution for the moshav. It gives the maximum flexibility in different spheres of activity and freedom of action.
The present study gives an overall view of the issues to be dealt with in the moshav and evaluates possible solutions to its problems. This study provides a starting point for further empirical research about the evolution of the moshav structure.