|M.Sc Student||Ofer Aharon|
|Subject||The Ramification of Amalgamating Two Medium Size Cities in|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Shefer Daniel|
In recent years the possibility of amalgamating the towns of Ramla and Lod has been suggested. Both towns with a population of about 50,000, are located within the outer ring of metropolitan Tel Aviv, have a mixed religious population and are characterized by a low socio-economic level of population.
The purpose of this research is to determine the advantages and disadvantages which will result from the amalgamation of two medium size towns in Israel (each numbering between 50,000 and 75,000 inhabitants) with regard to a number of aspects: economic, administrative, social, political and planning.
The research was based on a dual analysis: the macro level - a comparison between large cities (100,000 -150,000 inhabitants) and medium sized cities; the micro level - deals with local systems in order to identify obstacles to development. Interviews were carried out with several interest groups regarding amalgamation (residents, business firms, public figures).
The principal conclusions of the study are: One - It is not possible to show direct causality between population size and the level of revenues and/or expenditures of the municipality.
Two - Diseconomies of scale exist as far as the number of municipal employees and their average income is concerned but as far as administrative overhead, purchasing activities for public services etc. is concerned, it is impossible to draw a clear and unequivocal conclusion. Three - The residents of these towns are not in favor of the amalgamation: No clear statistical differences were found between the two towns. Concomitantly, it was found that the non-Jewish population tended to favor amalgamation even less. Four - No connection was found between the rate of municipal taxes and the level of support, or lack of support, on the part of residents and business firms for amalgamation.