|M.Sc Student||Gidron Uri|
|Subject||The Interrelationships Between Rural Towrist Accommooation|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Dr. Rachel Wilkansky|
Tourism has been one of the fastest developing industries in the Western world since the Second World War. Factors contributing to its emergence include increased leisure time, rise in standards of living, increasing interest in recreation activities, extensive car ownership, and the general public's deepening appreciation of the values of the natural landscape.
Increased sensitivity to ecological issues in Western countries during the 1980's together with the increased demand for recreational outlets by urban residents has led to the emergence of rural tourism.
In Israel, rural tourism development emerged only in the mid-1980s. In response to the crisis in the agricultural sector, many members of kibbutz and moshav cooperative settlements sought alternative sources for employment and a new economic base.
This research focuses on three principal areas: the impact of tourism on social relations among moshav members; the impact of the moshav’s physical structure and geographic location on the development of rural tourism; attitudes of the various settlement and political institutions towards the budding tourist accommodation sector.
Data was collected from 35 families operating rural tourist accommodations in four moshavim in the Upper Galilee: Beit Hillel, She'ar Yashuv, Ramot Naftali and Neve Ativ. The main findings are the following:
1. Each of the moshavim included in the survey is engaged in a phase of rapid development of tourist accommodation.
2. Physical features, such as the topography of the moshav and the size of its residential plots influence the location of tourist accommodation.
3. The majority of public and semi-public institutions have not been involved in developing the tourist accommodation branch.
4. Proximity to streams and major transportation routes influences the rate of development of rural tourist accommodation.
This research constitutes an initial attempt at analyzing the social phenomena of rural tourism in Israel. Further investigation of the long term effects of the phenomena would contribute to providing creative solutions for potential social and environmental problems which might emerge in such rural settlements as a result of rapid tourist development.