טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentEfrat Iris
SubjectThe Effect of Spatial Job-Housing Mismatch on Travel Patter
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Emeritus Daniel Shefer


Abstract

This paper is an empirical research dealing with the severe mobility difficulties in the suburban areas of the Tel-Aviv Metropolitan area. The spatial imbalance between housing and employment in the suburbs and the spatial development of the employment centers are undoubtful the two main problems that contribute to the worsening of the traffic problems and the overcrowdness on the roads.


In this research an attempt was made to examine the causes of spatial imbalance between employment and housing in the suburbs of Kfar-Saba, Ra’anana and Herzelia and their influence on traveling behaviors in the Tel-Aviv metropolitan area.


Below are the major research conclusions:


*    The basic reason for the job-housing imbalance is the mismatch between job types offered in the region and the household's characteristics residing there.

*    A poor Supply of adequate jobs retarding the population’s qualifications, in addition to the low level of salary, forces many of the highly qualified people, residing in these suburbs to commute to the metropolitan center, where the range of adequate jobs is ample. The employed people in the study area, in contrast, are mostly unprofessional with a relatively low level of salary. The high price of housing in the study region, both for rent or for acquisition, prevent the employees from living close to their working places and forces them to travel every day great distances. The supply of housing and their prices, in relation to the household’s income level, is the principal determinant of the household location selection.

*    Local Government policies greatly influence the Job - Housing imbalance.

*   Most of the employees travel to their workplace in their private cars with no differentiation by job types or income level. The reasons are ample supply of free parking places and inadequate public transportation service to most employment centers in these suburbs, especially to the industrial centers.