טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentBar-Kama Daniel
SubjectCongeuence Between Kibbutz Lifestyle and Physical Environmen
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Emeritus Arza Churchman


Abstract

This research aims at studying the extent of congruence between the kibbutz environment and the process of aging within it, so that its members can continue as normal a style of life as possible.

    The investigated topics were:
  • Privacy - physical and organizational meanings.
  • The elderly in an age-integrated society. Physical and organizational meanings.
  • Comfort and congruence for the elderly.
  • Transportation systems and accessibility.

The research took place in nine kibbutzim. The kibbutzim were selected according to physical, topographic and climatic variables, as well as elderly population size and economic status.

The results indicate that environmental conditions such as harsh weather, steeps slopes and long distances have hardly any effect. In public areas, facilities and work zones with a high degree of activity, great willingness to participate in activities and satisfaction with the system were found. Dissatisfaction was discovered in relation to aspects of the dwelling; couples are more dissatisfied than singles. Family ties turn out to be the strongest and most frequent. Family members, especially when residing in the kibbutz, visit the elderly more frequently. The elderly wish to live and work in an age-integrated society. Nevertheless, the strongest ties apart from the family are among the same age-group. As for planning conclusions, as long as the aged person in the kibbutz is independent, he is not constrained significantly by physical aspects of the environment such as topography and climate. The elder person accepts them as given naturally, and does not regard them as major barriers in his life. From this point of view, the observed environment can continue to provide a living place for the independent elderly. The aged in the kibbutz are unwilling to resign themselves to functional difficulties in the physical environment arising from poor planning or from social priorities of budget allocation unacceptable to them. In this matter they must be a part of the decision making process and of planning the close environment that will suit them best.