|M.Sc Student||Hernan Casakin|
|Subject||Modeling Design as a Top-Downrefinement Process: the Court|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Oxman Rivka|
It is known that typology is a concept that has been widely employed throughout the history of architecture. A type organizes architectural experience according to schemes that allow it to be manipulated, with the purpose of reducing the infinite universe of possible phenomena to a finite number of cases. In this project, the role of typology was investigated in relation to design, in order to propose a computerized system as a base of knowledge to help in the design process. Type as a tool in the design process was investigated. Typological methods of design, such as lop down refinement process, were illustrated. In order to focus the scope of the research, housing has been selected as an architectural topic. Different designers that have dealt with typological classification were analyzed. The scope of the analysis of housing was then limited to a more reduced universe. In order to develop a typological model of design, the Patio House was taken as a case study. A typological model of patio housing was developed as a theoretical framework. The objective was to simulate a hierarchical process of design, which ranges from general to specific characteristics of the type. The most relevant examples found in reality, were synthesized in this model.
A computerized system, as a base of knowledge to help in the design process, was proposed. The system was based on the model of HyperCard concepts, which were adapted for implementating and evaluated in relation with this typological model. The contribution of this work is in developing theoretical concepts which support the organization and classification of knowledge in the typological model. Concepts such as: General Knowledge, Specific Knowledge and Specified Knowledge are introduced, developed and illustrated in an implemented computerized system. This system has been designed as a basis of typological information to help during the design process. As a demonstration example, a pilot system based on the patio house, has been implemented. Based on the experimental methodology of typological refinement we have simulated a process of design. In order to provide the possibility of incorporating further data without modifying previous states, the system would remain open to further proposals.