טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentFisher Gewir Dafna
SubjectComputer Based Documentation inArchitecture:
Documenting Formal Connections in the Villas
of Le Corbusier
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Oxman Rivka


Abstract

The research presented here is-concentrated on the definition of a computer-based documentation of formal knowledge in architecture. Architectural design is related to a wide range of disciplines: technology, social science, psychology, economy as well as the interpretation form and space. With the abstraction of form and space the architectural knowledge is captured, forming the architect’s dialect. An accepted assumption is that knowledge-based architectural design is based on design precedents. Such precedents can be derived from various periods, places or architects. To efficiently use this source of information, an adequate documentation technique is needed.


The documentation of architectural knowledge is traditionally based on a well defined and accepted set of criteria. Examples are: architect name, location, functional type, structural type etc. Retrieval of the information is executed using an index, constructed of keywords. The drawbacks of this documentation technique are:

1) Keywords are not self-explanatory,

2) Lexically ordered keywords constrain the linking of concepts,

3) Books, being the media of documentation, constrain the retrieval order and its speed.


In order to enable rapid retrieval of information based on structural links between design precedents, a new documentation media is needed. This media should support the design process using a wide range of formal criteria.


Documentation of formal knowledge can also support associative thinking, by allowing direct and understandable links between information elements this technique becomes advantageous as association is very important in the design process.


The computer is an instrument which can be used in maintaining of associative links. Also, it supplies excellent visualization means that can be used in documentation of formal knowledge. Moreover, the computer can be very efficient in encapsulating large amount of information, as well as its fast retrieval. Hyper-text is a computer based documentation technology. There are research efforts and applications on the implementation of Hyper-text using associative networks. One of these applications is the Hypercard software, which runs under Macintosh. In this research the Hyper-text technology was implemented on documentation of architectural formal knowledge.


The analysis of computerized documentation based on design precedents, is concentrated on a well defined set of examples. The examples were selected such that they will exploit the potential in the system. They are: the villas of Le Corbusier.