|M.Sc Student||Mitrany Michal|
|Subject||Pilace Attachment Motivation for Migration and Gaps|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Arza Churchman|
In the early 1990’s Israel enjoyed an immigration wave of about five hundred thousand immigrants, most of who came from the former Soviet Union. As a result interest in the topic of absorption has increased.
This research examines the relationship between the physical environment and the psychological absorption of the immigrant by using the concept of place attachment. There are those who define it as a condition of psychological well-being that is experienced by the individual as a result of the presence, nearness and accessibility of the place, or as a condition of distress which is caused by the absence, distance and inaccessibility of the place.
The research hypotheses were confirmed: At the country level immigrants that came due to Zionist motivations were the most highly attached. At the neighborhood and apartment level the less gaps the immigrants found the more they were attached to the new environment. In addition, where the immigrant found less gaps in things he or she preferred in the original environment the more he or she was attached to the new environment; where the immigrant found more gaps in things he or she preferred in the new environment the more he or she was attached to it. Various expressions (behavioral, emotional and cognitive) of attachment to place at three environmental levels (country, neighborhood and apartment) were found.
The research findings regarding the gaps may have implications for absorption policy: If information regarding the various environments in Israel (various settlements) and the foreseen gaps at each place between the original and new locations be given to the immigrants, the process of choosing the first residential place in Israel could be easier.