|M.Sc Student||Michal Segal|
|Subject||Deep Land Conflicts and the Planning System - the|
Case of Bet Jan
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Law-Yone Hubert|
Land is a vital and limited resource. Humans are territorial beings. These two facts lead to land conflicts that become deep when they involve more factors. The Bet-Jan case is influenced by two main factors. One is the nature of majority-minority conflict, where one governs and the other is a religious-national entity. Another factor is realizing the conflict on land usage level. One side is interested in preserving nature, whereas the other wants to keep private ownership and free use.
The research concentrates on three main issues in the Bet Jan land conflict. First, the cultural importance of land in the contending sides. Second, majority-minority relations, power games included. Third, the planning system activity relating to the conflict. These issues present a complex picture of the conflict, through the case study method.
The main conclusion of the present research is that majority-minority relations have affected the Bet Jan conflict more than the other two issues mentioned above. The majority sets and regulates laws to work for its interest. One of the government’s purposes in forming a natural reserve, in this case, is to control land and to keep it under its supervision. As for the planning system, it did not do much for the conflict resolution. Mainly because it acts as a tool in the hands of the government, and not in a more independent manner.
It is recommended that the planning system takes a more central and influential role in the making of policy in Israel. A code of ethics for the planning system and profession should be considered, as a reevaluation of government’s relations with it.