|M.Sc Student||Merav Sharoni|
|Subject||Work Travel Pattedns of Mare and Female Spouses in Israel:|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Dr. Ilan Salomon|
This research focuses on the differences in travel to work patterns of spouses based on the data of the “Traveling Habits Survey 1984” in the Tel-Aviv metropolitan area. Research conducted in Israel and the Western World has shown that major differences exist between men and women in their travel-to-work patterns in several aspects, i.e. travel duration time of departure, mode, number of trips to work and total trip rates. This research aims at the examination of the causes for these differences in an attempt to establish the importance of gender as a factor in transportation planning models. Two factors were examined, one of which is a social factor, defined as household and child care responsibilities measured by the stage in life-cycle. The other is an economic factor, defined as income and occupational status or prestige. If a correlation between gender and travel to work measures and the non-economic variables such as child care responsibilities are found, then such variables should be incorporated in the travel demand models. The findings indicate that the differences between men and women spouses in the number of trips to work are affected by the interaction between stage in life-cycle and economic variables. The economic variables, income and occupational status were found to significantly affect gender differences in two dependent variables: income has an effect on travel duration and status on travel timing. To conclude, the finding of this research show that gender is an explanatory variable and it contributes to the understanding of travel behavior. Therefore it seems advisable to include the gender variable in travel demand models, so that better prediction can be achieved.