|M.Sc Thesis||Department of Architecture and Town Planning|
|Supervisor:||Prof. Emeritus Churchman Arza|
The nursing home in the kibbutz is meant for the elderly who cannot take care of themselves.
This disabled population includes the acute and terminally ill, frail, nursing and mentally infirm people. The home is similar to the nursing wards in institutions outside the kibbutz, but it does not include the same components as these do consists of individual living units and central services providing social, nursing and domestic functions. The main objective is to create a ‘home institution’ - a framework that combines high level treatment with the feeling of “home”. The nursing homes are found in a variety of buildings and contain different living units and components of the domestic services. The characteristic buildings are rooms for the sicks which have been renovated and improved, new nursing homes, and children houses which were made into nursing homes. The living units are single rooms (with or without bathrooms) and apartments with two rooms, kitchen and bathroom. People live alone or in couples, or with others who are not members of their family.
The aim of the study was to examine the level of suitability of the kibbutz nursing home as a physical environment to the needs of the inhabitants, their family and the nursing staff. The research questions focused on examining if the nursing homes fit the social concept they are based on which says that the living unit is an alternative and a “home” for the members who cannot take care of themselves in their own apartments.
The study also examines if the staff are given the conditions for effective and good nursing as well as for creating and maintaining a feeling of “home”.
18 kibbutzim were included in the study and 70 residents, 75 family members, and 65 staff members participated. The data was collected by 1) gathering information about the buildings and their users, 2) interviews with the residents, 3) questionnaires to the family and staff members.
The main findings are: 1) The preferred unit is a single room with bathroom. 2) Most inhabitants would like to live alone. 3) The nursing home lack facilities for intimate family and social meetings outside the living units. 4) The main disadvantage is the lack of privacy. 5) The nursing home meets nearly all the stated objectives. 6) The staff's behavior is important in creating and maintaining privacy.