טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentCohen Bilha
SubjectWomen's Employment in Rural Areas Factors of Influence at a
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Emeritus Arza Churchman


Abstract

This research focuses on the behavioral patterns and employment situation of women in the rural periphery of the Galilee.


The study reveals the scope of non-agricultural employment and the factors influencing it. It was found that 52% of the women were employed, and they are concentrated in a small number of occupations, mainly as school teachers, pre-school teachers' health and community workers and cleaners.


Women in the area are interested in working outside the home and those who do so enjoy a higher status than the unemployed who, admittedly, also want outside employment.


In spite of the area’s traditional nature, the women do not hold traditional views regarding their primary role. The majority of both employed and unemployed women feel their spouses prefer gainfully employed wives.


Women prefer working in part-time jobs and are willing to commute no more than one-half hour to work. However, they are unenthusiastic about remunerative jobs performed at home.


Although most of the women are satisfied with living in the area, more than 50% would not advise their daughters or other young women to live in the area, primarily because of its lack of employment and questionable future.


The tendency of women to join the work force in the rural periphery, which was not referred to in the past, matches the general trends of women employment in Israel and requires special attention.