|M.Sc Student||Givoli Michal|
|Subject||The Cegining of Physical Planning in Israel:analysis of the|
First Comprehensive Plan of Israel
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Hubert Law-Yone|
The Sharon Plan is the State of Israel's first comprehensive master plan. It is a superb physical plan conceived in the early years of the young State by planners with vision, daring and optimism, who took advantage of the novel situation: on the one hand a newly declared state with many open areas, and on the other incessant waves of immigration. The comprehensive master plan they created molded the physical shape of the country “for our and the coming generations”. In view of the current tendency to return to a national comprehensive master plan the analysis of the first one seems useful.
The object of this study is to analyze the Sharon Plan as it relates to the physical planning methods of the time, with the aim of locating, among other things, any affinity with the British statutory planning. The study poses questions as to the influence, whether one way or reciprocal, between the statutory and non-statutory planning of the era, i.e. the end of the British Mandate and the early years of the State of Israel, and how that influence, if any, expressed itself.
The main conclusions arising from this study state that there was an affinity between statutory and non- statutory physical planning - the national comprehensive master plan - in Palestine at the time. This affinity was mostly expressed in the continuity of the central ideas crystallized during the British Mandate regarding national and regional physical planning and implemented in the master plan. The Sharon Plan, although embodying well known planning ideas of the British Mandate era and universal planning concepts of the time, was nevertheless outstanding in its Comprehensiveness and amount of details. It expressed a daring and imaginative development policy, unknown before or since.