|M.Sc Student||Shraga Eran|
|Subject||Educational Enuironment for Handicapped Children: Design|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Rachel Sebba|
The present study project deals with the adaptation of disabled children’s learning environment to developmental and educational goals. The following two guid1ines underlie this study project:
a) Motor-perceptual experience supports thought processes.
b) The physical environmental constitutes a medium suitable for movement.
Playing links motion to the environment.
The objectives of the study project were as follows:
a) To advance disabled children by treating the learning environment and adapting it to defined developmental and educational needs.
b) To devise a design tool for designers and an educational tool for pedagogues which may provide the basis for further concrete cases.
c) To compile the relevant knowledge regarding the relations between the environment and its adaptation to educational and developmental goals.
The means to achieve the objectives of the study project were as follows:
a) Examination of the relevant theoretical background literature relating to the development and education of disabled children, their activity environment and the features of their playing patterns as means to attain developmental goals.
b) Studying a concrete case - The Achva School in Ramat-Gan -through observations, interviews with teachers and work with children.
c) Drawing up a physical design, to which the theoretical principles are applied. Appraising the design in view of the site specifications and the goals set.
A 4 step model was developed, establishing the relationship between environmental stimuli and perceptual-cognitive information as the basis for the design of a developmental environment.