|M.Sc Student||Brandeis Amos|
|Subject||Planning of Science and Research Parks|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Daniel Czamanski|
This research deals with several comprehensive and intra-disciplinary aspects of the planning of science and research parks. It is based on a literature review and a survey of 5 of the most important parks in Israel: Matam Park in Haifa, Tefen Industrial Park in the Galilee, Har Hozvim Park in Jerusalem, Weizmann Park in Nes Ziona, and Atidim Park in Tel Aviv. The survey included questionnaires and interviews with the managers of all parks and the planners of most of them, analysis of the parks’ layout, maps of their surroundings, information from literature, publications, and also personal evaluation.
The comprehensive literature review led to the definition of 72 desired characteristics of science and research parks, which were categorized into 9 planning dimensions: the appearance, the locational, the financial, the physical-functional, the organizational-managerial, the size, the homogeneous, the time, and the services dimension. On the basis of the literature review each category and characteristic was weighed according to relative importance. The most important were: proximity to an university or research institute, and proximity to skilled workers.
The identification and definition of the existing characteristics of the 5 science and research parks in Israel were done generally and according to the list of the 72 desired characteristics. The analysis and evaluation of "the desired" (according to the literature) facing “the existing’ (of the 5 case studies), was done on 3 levels: the characteristics, the planning dimensions, and the comprehensive level. The evaluation showed big differences among the parks, on all levels — sometimes even 200-300% between parks, in relation to a dimension.
The prominent features, exclusiveness, and the specializations of the parks in characteristics and planning dimensions, were analyzed by examing the distinction of each park regarding as to each characteristic and dimension, compared to the other parks. Both positive and negative exclusiveness and specializations were analyzed. The first analysis does not take the relative importance of the characteristics into account, while the second does. Very big differences among the parks were found again.
Among the most important conclusions of the research are: The desired characteristics are an important planning tool; The relation between "the existing” and “the desired" in Israel is relatively high, but the differences among the parks are big; “Low grades” of parks in important characteristics or dimensions, can be compensated by exclusiveness or specialization in other characteristics or dimensions; The existence of on-site management, with authority on all the park area is very important; There are big differences between the parks in Israel, and each of them has different specializations and its own exclusiveness.