טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentWilner Monique
SubjectThe Inpact of the Physical Features of the Route to School
On Children's Evaluation and Behavior
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Ms. Rachel Sebba


Abstract

This research deals with the issue of the route that links the child’s home and his school. The basic approach establishes that the child’s environment is composed of a number of behavioral settings which function together as a system and influence the child in an interrelated way. The route is the physical entity which links these settings and plays a special role in the child’s day to day life and experiences.


The main research objective is to view the route as a planning entity and examine how the child relates to it and to its physical elements in both behavior and perception. The research described the access patterns to school and the return home and examined the relation between three main physical features of the route experience namely - direction, distance and topography - and the children’s route evaluation and behavior. In addition, the impact of age and sex related factors on the route experience was examined.


The research findings suggest that the route from school is more significant for the examination of children’s behavior because in this route they are free to choose for themselves the means of transport, the route course, the company, and so on. In addition, the three physical features of the route to school make a significant contribution to the route perception and behavior. They actually provide children with different route experiences. The child’s age and sex were found to be influencing factors on route evaluation and behavior.


An important conclusion of the present research is that the route experience that the pedestrian journey provides the child is quite different from the experience of the drive/bus journey. The research concludes that comprehensive planning of the child’s environment should take into account the route to school as a significant environment in the day to day experience.