טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentTzvi Kosower
SubjectA Computeriged Model for Land Allocation in the Kinneret
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Law-Yone Hubert


Abstract

One of the more attractive areas in Israel is Lake Kinneret (a.k.a. Lake Tiberias or Sea of Galilee) that attracts many tourists every summer. In addition to the tourist sites that surround the lake, the surrounding sett1ements have many industrial plants. These represent a major factor in the area's sources of emp1oyment and income. However these plants also discharge waste, some of it poisonous and dangerous, into the drainage basin and the lake itself.


The goal of this work is to prepare a land allocation plan for the area surrounding the lake by using a new method: A computerized model that will locate land for tourism and industry near and around the lake, and will formulate proposals to change land uses, if the model shows that to be beneficial.


Within the framework of this project, four computerized models were used to examine the following land allocation questions:


1.      The best 1ocation for tourism development on publicly owned land.

2.      The best location for tourism development on privately owned land.

3.      The best location for industrial development over the entire area of examination.

4.      The combination of all the above into one map with specific Planning recommendation.


All of the above models used accepted planning criteria, such as environmental quality, conservation of the water quality of the lake and all its sources, proximity to existing infrastructures and the topographical layout of the area in question.


The results of the computerized model for locating lands suitable for industrial and tourism development in the Kinneret drainage basin show that most of the optimal sites have already been developed. There are only a few sites that can be developed for these land uses, and these sites make up only a small percentage of the land included in this study.


The need to conserve this natural gem should behoove policy makers and planners to carefully examine all the effects of any activity on the lake, its shores and in the entire drainage basin. This national tourist site attracts hundreds of thousands of people from Israel and abroad every year. Therefore we must treat this unique site very carefully. Future generation will not forgive us for causing any permanent damage.