טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentBlich Bilu
SubjectThe Architectural Model-a Historical Study of Its Uses and
Purposes
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Ms. Rachel Sebba
Professor Emeritus Robertmaurice Oxman


Abstract

The model is an essential component in the work of the architect. It is difficult to imagine the architect without its use. Nevertheless there is little knowledge as to the model’s essence and its role in the architect’s thinking and creation processes.


The architect’s model is a theory laden object, and its task is to clarify situations and/or initiate discussions on a specific problem. It mediates between different stages of development and analysis in the process of creation and research. Its purpose is to remind us of something else, and as such it serves as an image of the other. The model is, therefore, a sort of surrogate to the real object it refers to, and it should be treated as a medium one can experiment with, represent with and refer to the real. As a three dimensional object the model is the only mediator between the two dimensional representations (sketches, maps, etc.) and the real building. Compared to the real, the model is a small sized object, and as such it is easy to grasp and is easily handled by the architect. The model is a concrete vehicle for investigating a built construction - its material and space. It enables to check directly dimensions and environments created in reality.


The discussion of the model develops from the general to the particular:

The first part of the study brings together definitions of different types of models and their use in practice. In this part tasks of the model were defined: A. The model as a medium of simulation, in order to explain and visualize the future building. B. The model used for experimentation and as a tool in the process of design. In the historical chapter, in the first part of the study, we bring a review of several definitions given to the model since the Renaissance until the 20th century. This chapter examines the role and use of the model by certain architects. In addition, there is a presentation of models that were never built, but evoked a specific historical discussion.

The main part of the study, in the second part of the research, opens with a chapter reviewing concepts and definitions given to the model in philosophy, sociology, linguistics and science. The theoretical survey and the analysis of the work processes of architects led to the conceptual framework of this research, dividing the models into 3 different categories, which differ in the model’s function, meaning and its spatial and material properties: 1. Realistic model - describing reality. 2. Abstract model. 3. Conceptual model.