|M.Sc Student||Anna Becker|
|Subject||Clothing for the Operating Room Team: Task Analysis and|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisors||Professor Bitterman Noemi|
|Professor Donchin Yoel|
Persons entering and remaining within the operating room (OR) area are required to change into special clothing designed for the OR. The uniform that authorized OR personnel use during a shift, and under varying conditions, has not undergone any significant redesign for many years. Numerous changes and improvisations made by OR clothing wearers indicate the inappropriateness of the uniform for different job holders and their work conditions.
Aim of the research: a. Evaluation of the existing state of affairs as regards OR clothing (the present study relates to shirt and pants only); b. Assessment of needs, requirements, and preferences for OR clothing, while characterizing the work environment of the OR area;
c. Checking solutions for improved clothing for OR personnel, trying to ensure that the various constraints converge; d. Presentation of prototypes for OR medical staff clothing and fitting them as much as possible to users and purchasers - that is, hospitals.
Methods: a. Observations in the OR area of three medical centers in Israel; b. Observation in a central medical clothing laundry; c. Interviews with surgeons, anesthetists, OR nurses, medical engineering specialist, maintenance people and a professional image stylist; d. Anonymous questionnaires (N=160, surgeons, anesthetists, nurses and other staff members, 11 hospitals in Israel); e. Literature survey; f. Market survey.
Results: A significant difference in evaluating the degree of comfort of OR clothing was found among various professional groups. The most satisfied with the OR clothing were the surgeons (90%) and the least satisfied were the nurses (71%). A third of all respondents were interested in changes in the design of OR shirts and pants. When studying the type and amount of equipment being carried by different group members, it was found that surgeons and nurses on average carry 8 pieces of equipment, while anesthetists carry 9.5 pieces. Three-quarters of respondents were interested in trying out alternate solutions for carrying work equipment and personal items.
Conclusions: For the first time, the existing state of affairs of OR clothing was examined while integrating information from medical, commercial and literature sources. The information received was cross-checked against needs, requirements, and preferences of different users. Most of the recommendations do not mandate revolutionary changes in the organization of the OR area or in design of the clothing. Yet, based on the observations and questionnaire, we recommend design solutions for carrying personal equipment.