|M.Sc Student||Anat Carmeli|
|Subject||Framework for Inter Settlement Cooperation:analysis of|
Success and Failure Towards a More Effeicient
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisors||Professor Emeritus Wachman Avraham (Deceased)|
|Dr. Rachel Wilkansky|
The concept of regional cooperation is not new, it has developed in Israel over the years gradually. The regional cooperation focuses mainly in agricultural regions through either economic cooperation between rural settlements or encouraging the development of mutual relations between the town and its rural hinterland. Despite all the attempts for municipal cooperation, the idea of global cooperation is still only a planning concept.
The main objective of this research is describing, analyzing and evaluating the existing inter -settlement cooperation frameworks of all kinds and an examination of efficiency proposition for regional cooperation.
The nature of inter-rural cooperation depends on the structure features of the various settlements. Diverse kinds of cooperation can be found in the rural sector.
The goals of inter - rural cooperation - elicitation of economic advantage out of a bigger corporate organization, accumulation of political public power for the sake of : resource founding, interest representation, creation of varied non-agricultural employment and the advancement of the regional economic development
The necessity of municipal cooperation in frameworks comes from 3 main reasons:
1. The need for cooperation in mutual subjects e.g global planning and etc.
2. Solving problems beyond the municipal borders.
3. Avoiding double handling of public services and the ability of bigger size range of supplying
The “Regional Cluster” is a group of nearby settlements that have a common interest without their political and municipal consideration or the type of the settlement. The concept is of a global planning of the area by a framework that has formal authorities.
Through out the history of settlement in Israel and in the world many regional cooperation frameworks have been proposed as an answer to social and economical problems. There is a similarity between all the proposals and the common denominator is that they have not been applied.
A conclusion of this study is that it is impossible to fully apply such frameworks with out legal changes and changes in the local municipal government structure in Israel.