|M.Sc Student||Eila Brand|
|Subject||Marine Architecture - Application of Morphological|
Classification System to Projects in the Marine
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisors||Professor Emeritus Wachman Avraham (Deceased)|
|Full Professor Burt Michael|
Marine Architecture (sometimes referred to as Oceanic Architecture) is the planning and design of dry environments surrounded by water and the planning of marine environments surrounded by dry land. It deals with design of the interface between land and sea and covers both wet and dry as one.
Marine architecture is a broad field of endeavor demanding a multi-disciplinary background. Exhaustion of the full potential of the marine environment is dependent on one’s understanding of the specific and unique attributes and characteristics of the marine environment; be they spatial location, the physical/environmental conditions, technological solutions, or programmatic requirements. The field is as yet in its early stages of development, and as such represents a significant architectural challenge.
An awareness and presentation of the variety of alternatives may be attained by methods of classification and taxonomy. This work describes two methods of classification and taxonomy: the first is based on the Zwicky Morphological Box (Z.M.B.) and the second is the method developed in this work, named the Spatial Morphological Classification (S.M.C.) method.
The "Zwicky’s Morphological Box" (Z.M.B.) generates “characteristic profiles” which allow the categorization of any project according to a set of properties. In the present work three sets of parameters are used for categorization: the programmatic, physical/environmental, and engineering /technological parameters.
The “Spatial Morphological Classification” method (S.M.C) is based on the identification of fundamental spatial/structural elements of marine architecture. Each project can be classified at the macro level (e.g. spatial locations, surroundings and structure, coverage and functional requirements.) and the micro level (building details and materials).
The two systems both overlap and complement one another. The Z.M.B. method is particularly efficient in the programmatic or the planning phase, and the S.M.C. method is more appropriate in the design phase. It is possible, in theory, to classify any marine project according to one of these two systems.
Systematic presentation methods may contribute to the body of knowledge on the subject, and serve as a basis for further study and development. The planner may use the classification systems to characterize projects and to enrich the range of images and planning possibilities. Their use will help to develop a common vocabulary among planners and researchers. At the same time, the unfolding of the morphological analysis of projects, may lead to new approaches and to the development of preferred directions for future solutions.