|M.Sc Student||Ornit Nachmani-Wender|
|Subject||The Effect of Choosing Workplace and Residence Location on|
Travel Patterns in Selected Suburbs of the Haifa
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Shefer Daniel|
The choices of place of residence and of place of work greatly affect travel patterns in general and travel to work in particular. These two choices are processes that affect and are affected by each other.
People who choose to live in places having a high quality of living, but away from the city center and the heart of the metropolis, and not to work near their home, will burden the highway system through their commuting. In this research two prestigious Haifa suburbs, Kiriyat Tivon and Atlit, will represent this kind of place of residence. On the other hand, there are those who live in towns of low socio-economic status because of their economic status, a desire to be close to their place of work, or a preference to be near family, friends, or a place to which they have emotional or social attachments. If they are not employed in their place of residence, these people will also burden the highway system. Two other Haifa suburbs, Kiryat Ata and Tirat Carmel, considered to be immigrant settlements with a medium to low socioeconomic status, will represent this type of residence.
Mobility and accesses difficulties of commuters who live in the suburbs exist all over the world and require such people to spend a considerable amount of time traveling to their place of work.
This study tests the hypothesis that job-housing balance and wise Zoning can considerably lessen highway congestion in the metropolitan area and improve mobility and accessibility between suburbs and between each suburb and the city center.
This work attempts to examine: (a) the influence of place of residence and place of work on travel patterns in the Haifa Metropolitan Area; (b) the reasons for the lack of spatial balance between places of residence and places of work. An attempt was also made to offer solutions that can influence development patterns and travel patterns and improve public-transportation means.
The results of this work have shown that choice of residence location and choice of workplace clearly influence travel patterns. Local authorities should initiate the establishment of employment opportunities in keeping with the socioeconomic status of the area, to entice people to work within the confines of the local authority. Concomitantly various types of residential areas should be developed to accommodate people of low-medium income, on the one hand, and to lure people of a higher socio-economic status, on the other hand.