|M.Sc Student||Idit Hod|
|Subject||A Process for Evaluating the Implementation of Planning and|
Operating Landfills Policy
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Full Professor Amir Shaul|
As in other developed countries, a significant rise in the quantity of the solid waste produced in Israel has been noticed recently. The waste produced constitutes a serious menace to the environment. Regulated treatment of waste required the consolidation of the policy on the subject. This study discusses the stage of final disposal of waste and evaluates the environmental aspects of the policy.
The policy for the disposal of solid waste in Israel has been taking shape during the last thirty years and a national master plan was drawn up for dealing with solid waste management (NMP 16). The main objectives of the plan are the setting up of 23 extensive landfills to be operated under rigid environmental standards. Presently, Plan’s application faces difficulties and 96% of all the waste disposed is buried without any special steps being taken to prevent negative impacts on the environment. The main difficulty arises from the opposition of the authorities in whose locality a landfill is supposed to be set up. In the last two years the Government decided to try to apply the policy in phases and to give inducements to do it.
In view of the aforesaid, it has become necessary to examine the extent to which the planning and operation policy, which was formulated in Israel on waste disposal sites, has been affected. In this study, a procedure has been developed for evaluating the environmental aspect of landfills. The evaluation is implemented in two stages: evaluation of the phases of planning the site and evaluation of the operation of the site. The evaluation procedure includes 17 different elements to be examined and which were derived from an analysis of the policy and its characterization such as: the manner of handling leachates from the waste; the extent of maintaining the visual quality of the landscape; the strictness in the matter of covering the waste daily, etc. The procedure includes directions on how to assess the implementation of the policy for each element. Grades are given for each element considered after examining the sites. The results of the findings and the grades are recorded in a table of rating of the findings from the evaluation. The filling out of the table clarifies if the elements handled at a site deviate from the definitions of the policy. Finally, a table was drawn up to compare the sites to which the evaluation procedure was applied. In order to demonstrate the procedure, it was applied to the landfills at "Talya" and "Dudaim". Utilizing the procedure enabled the drawing of important conclusions about the planning and operation of the landfills. Some of the lessons learned from the examination can be also applied to additional waste disposal sites.
The evaluation procedure has a large number of uses, some of which are connected with the development of the policy on waste disposal in Israel. The evaluation procedure was proved to be an effective tool for the analysis of landfills policy in Israel.