|M.Sc Student||Calderon Sigal|
|Subject||Planning Justifications in Outline Schemes|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Hubert Law-Yone|
There is ongoing criticism of the professional planning system, both in Israel and abroad. Much of this criticism relates to problems with the way in which the planning profession defines itself. These problems are emphasized by inefficiency in the planning system caused by a lack of agreement concerning the practice, authority and autonomy of planning professionals. Overall, this lack of definition stresses the need for efforts to legitimize and justify the planning profession.
This study examines the relevance of the urban and regional planning profession in the implementation of the Israeli Planning and Building Law. Specifically, the planning process of outline schemes is studied. The main issue confronted by this study is: Whether the urban and regional planning profession is relevant to the implementation of the Israeli Planning and Building Law, especially as concerns outline schemes?
A theoretical examination, according to the knowledge associated with the fields of 'Law', 'Profession', 'Town and Country Planning' and 'Planning and Building Laws' identified three dimensions needed for justified planning consideration. This triangle of dimensions namely, 'scientific knowledge', 'value' and 'procedure' was found to be a necessary element in planning considerations. An empirical evaluation of the process of local outline scheme preparation, examined accordingly their 'Integrated Characterization'. A comparison of two local outline schemes was selected for this study.
The research methodology is a combination of two research methods concerned with the analysis of verbal material: 'Content Analysis' and 'Deconstruction'. A complementary method is open interviews with the professionals employed in the preparation of the plan. The research methodology was applied to all documented verbal and graphic material associated with the two outline schemes in the research sample. The integration characteristic was tested for by the degree of variety of two components; the knowledge component - the variety of interdisciplinary considerations and adjusted treatment and the intention component - the variety of intentions and interest groups.
The results of the examination indicate that within the Israeli statutory planning system, there exists the possibility to operate preparation processes of outline schemes which are either unintegrated or integratively low. It seems that there is a gap between the demands, originating in legitimizing knowledge fields, and the existing situation in practice. Within the knowledge field 'town and country planning' there exist the varied knowledge and the technical ability to activate integrated implementation of the planning consideration. Nevertheless this field lacks the explicit guidance for integrative implementation.