טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentIlan Taichman
SubjectEvaluation of the Functioning and Efficiency of the Priority
Lanes for Public Transport in the Tel Aviv
Metropolitan Area
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Emeritus Shefer Daniel


Abstract

The allocation of special public-transport lanes (mainly for buses) is a method used to improve the public-transport system and the level of service for its users.

The aim of this study is to examine the advantages of priority lanes for public-transport users as an incentive for the use of public transport. The focus is on the main radial routes entering the Tel-Aviv metropolitan core from the north and the east, where existing public-transport lanes serve a large number of users.


The main hypotheses of this study are as follows:

-    Priority lanes function to different degrees of success.

-    The reliability of designated bus-priority lanes is higher than that of other lanes.

-    Priority lanes attract more bus users.

The following are the main conclusions of the study:

  • A reasonably good level of service is provided to priority-lane bus users compared to  vehicles using other lanes on the same routes.
  • The priority lanes in use today do not provide bus users a better level of service than car users on other lanes.
  • Bus users believe that priority lanes improve travel reliability.
  • Public-transport lanes prove to be an insignificant factor in attracting bus riders who have the choice of using other transportation modes.

It should be noted that priority lanes represent only one factor in the attempt to improve public transport level-of-service. Thus, a comprehensive examination of public-transport level of service and the means of improving it must include additional factors that were not examined in the present study.