טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentBudiscky Ilana
SubjectAcoustic Aspects Involved with Schools in Residential Areas
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Giora Rosenhouse


Abstract

The project was conducted in order to examine the acoustic influences of the location of schools as public facilities inside residential neighborhoods, and the acoustic aspects of the activities within them, the project examines the schools' special needs, the regulations and guidelines governing the location and planning of school facilities, and the activities taking place within them during and after school hours. In addition, the project examined the reciprocal acoustic influences between schools and their surroundings, in particular the residential areas in their proximity.

   The main goals included the definition of the various forms of acoustic disturbances, and the formation of realistic architectural and planning solutions, the application of which will result in the remission of these disturbances.

It was found most of the problems are caused by ball games conducted in open school yards and sports grounds after school hours, disturbing the neighbors' rest. This largely because sports activities are characterized by inconsistent yet aggressive noise characteristics, which are particularly difficult to get used to.

Planning guidelines and regulations governing the location of schools do exist but are mainly concerned with the external effects of the environment upon the school. No common planning considerations relating to the effects of school activities upon the surroundings were found.

Recommendations and Suggestions:

The major recommendations and suggestions presented are:

The proper location and planning of schools must take into consideration the following

factors:

A. External influences of the surroundings upon the school

B. The influences of various internal structures and facilities upon the school.

C. The influence of the school on its surroundings.

The successful combination of these factors requires prior, comprehensive planning.

The recommendations and suggestions given in the project focus on a number of stages in the planning process:

A. Planning suggestions for the general blueprint stage - comprehensive view.

B. Planning suggestions for the detailed blueprint stage - neighborhood, zone oriented
view

C. Suggestions for the structural planning stage - detailed view.

In addition, operational suggestions are given for the use of school facilities and playgrounds in ways that will decrease noise disturbances to the residential areas.