טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentShadar Hadas
SubjectArchitectural Design of Israeli Hi Tech Industry Plants
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Dr. Eyal Karni


Abstract

The research examines the existing buildings in Israel which inhabit large Hi-Tech Plants. The examination relates to the existing buildings, to structural developments from the date of their erection to the present day, to programmatic requirements of the industries and to changes being made in these requirements. It has been examined whether a coherent architectural planning is discernible in the Plant's buildings and what is the extent of accordance between the program and the inventory. In addition, the research attempts to hypothesize which are the developing trends in industry and which are the major factors influencing the Plant's structure. According to these hypotheses, a basis to recommendations concerning the architectural design is founded.

The data processing has yielded many findings concerning the design programs and the inventory in the field in the present and in the past; concerning the satisfaction from me Plant's structure and concerning the existing and eventual-hypothesized trends in industry. The majority of the Plants have defined themselves as remarkable in operative general topics and their buildings as satisfying the minimal needs required for orderly function.

To these subjects, other subjects which are not operative or that the contact between them and the operation is not immediate, have been added lately: There is a prominent rise in the importance attributed to the appearance of the Plant, to the conditions of the worker (including the services supplied physically by the building) and there is an increase in the importance of structural flexibility. But. although in fact the Plant's appearance has been made better as have been the workers' conditions, the application of the structural flexibility practically still lags behind its programmatic importance. This "lag" is caused by me imbalance between the high cost of me structural flexibility in the present and its future yield. The structural flexibility existing today finds its expression in the internal structural division of the Plant and is non-existent in the structure's envelope.

The examination of the satisfaction from the Plant's structure has been made according to a special measure being developed in this research. This measure relates to the programmatic requirements of each Plant, to what exists in it and to the general potential of operations in the economy. It has been found that this satisfaction relates to buildings planned especially for the Plant because they are meeting with its latest requirements. The satisfaction relates also to buildings owned by the Plant, because the Plant has an obvious interest to improve a property owned by it. The satisfaction is not a derivative of administrative, structural or economical characteristics.

In order to establish a basis to architectural planning recommendations, trends in industry - assumed to continue in the future as well - have been detected. The increase in the importance of appearance, the services for the workers and the structural flexibility is a part of these trends. In addition, the major factors underlying the existing structural phenomenon have been detected. It has been found that the sectorial relation has a crucial importance on me structural development of the Plant and that it also directs its administrative and organizational phenomenon.