|M.Sc Student||Naor Pnina|
|Subject||Evaluation of Alternative Municipal Managerial Structures|
Of New Industrial Areas in Peripheral Regions
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Hubert Law-Yone|
The involvement of central government in economic development in peripheral regions throughout the world is decreasing. This challenges the regional leaders, who have to cope with other interest groups regarding the issues of resource distribution of national budget.
This process necessitates greater involvement of the local & regional leading groups, in monitoring strategies and patterns of economic development.
The issue of economic incentives, given to encourage the industry in peripheral regions, arises now and then on the national agenda and there is constant pressure to annul them and to adopt alternative means that will assure meaningful results in the long run.
Likewise a strong shortage of land for developing industrial areas in the local municipalities, raised latent tensions among the local municipalities and the regional ones
Therefore, the challenge facing the local leaders in the peripheral regions, is to find alternative ways to promote the industry in their region. Inspecting the issue led to focus on developing new organizational patterns in industrial areas as an alternative or complementary mean, to economic incentives.
This research tries to pinpoint the most successful model of industrial area, in the eyes of the relevant interest groups.
Among industrial areas that have been founded in the last ten years, in the peripheral regions of Israel, five industrial areas were chosen, which make four (or five) different models of organizational management, four of them are in the Galilee: Alon Tavor, which represents a model that is run by a regional council, Ramat Gavriel in Migdal H'a emek which is managed directly by the mayor and his assistants, Migdal Tefen, which is an independent industrial municipality, and Z.H.R which is an industrial area that is run as a joint venture by three adjacent municipal localities. The fifth is Ramat Hovav which is specializing in chemicals and is run as an industrial municipality.
On the State level, in spite of the impression that there is an overt inclination to give the peripheral regions great freedom of play, by limiting the government involvement, the ministries find themselves involved not only in the economic side, but also in the organizational one: developing new patterns of management in industrial areas of peripheral regions.
On the regional level we see that in case there are no dedicated persons to the issue, what is left to the regional leadership is to see that the pattern chosen will be successful. According to the questionnaire, this leadership must pay attention to marketing and social aspects, in particular.
The results from this research indicates that the urban industrial area and Tefen have been viewed as the most successful in almost every domain.
The other areas: Alon Tavor and Z.H.R achieve average rates. Ramat Hovav which was founded in order to eliminate the environmental nuisance from the town of Be'er Sheba, achieved low rates. Sensitivity tests reinforced the results.