טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentLovchikov Vladimir
SubjectThe Influence of Various Urban Typologies on Winds
Conditions in Open Urban Spaces
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Dr. Abraham Yezioro
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

Open public spaces are a vital component in a built urban environment that encourages public life in the city. They consist one of the measures of urban life quality. Therefore, taking into consideration aspects of microclimate and the comfort of the environment in these open areas, such as gardens and parks, squares and streets is an essential part of urban planning. Achieving comfortable and optimal conditions in them while maintaining climate awareness during the design process will strengthen their use fitting them to different outdoor activities (walking, sitting, etc.).


This study examines the effects of different urban typologies on wind regime expected in open areas between buildings. The goal is to develop a method for analyzing these effects and give advices and general guidelines for sensible planning in open public areas in accordance to wind comfort standards. The results of the study can function as an auxiliary tool that enables designers to estimate the suggested plans already in its early design stages.


In this study, a system was developed for systematic analysis of the effects of geometrical parameters of different typologies on the wind climate in open spaces between buildings. This system enables, on the basis of qualitative-quantitative analysis of the test results, to develop recommendations and determine the recommended outdoor activities for people; activities that can take place in open areas of the examined urban typologies. The conclusion of the analysis were concentrated on information sheets and will help the designers during the decision making process in the beginning of the design stage.


The study focuses in studying the anticipated wind climate in an open public space surrounded with a built environment. It was decided to focus on the examinations of simple schematic urban typologies, in different proportions and in a different height. The geometrical parameters of the open areas and schematic built components that determine the examined typologies were defined. Also, the organization of the urban typologies matrix based on proportion and built height is described.


The advantages of the suggested system are the graphical, easy to use, recommendations and the guidelines. They enable the planner with general knowledge to make quick decisions and apply the correct principles for open public spaces in respect to opening or closing them to the wind.