טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentTatiana Vapnik
SubjectThe Colourfulness of the Playground as a Diversion Factor
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Ms. Sebba Rachel
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

This study describes empirical research concerning the application of color in the playground environment. The study's theoretical goal is to evaluate the influence of the colorfulness of the background on the ability to distinguish figures and shapes which are displayed on or passing over it, while its practical end is to raise the safety of the playground.

The hypothesis of the study argues that the enhanced colorfulness, mainly in the primary colors, distracts the child's mind while reduced colorfulness enables children to notice both fixed and moving objects and hence the related hazards, and as the result reduces the risk of playground injuries.

The study was done through an analysis of playground environments for children according to the degree of their colorfulness and an examination of the ability to identify stationary and moving objects that exist in playing environments which differ from each other in their colorfulness. The examination was done between two conditions that differ from each other by their colorfulness: one condition was characterized by saturated colors (the same as exists in playgrounds) and the other by reduced colorfulness (this colorfulness was examined in one experiment by photos of wooden play equipment and in additional experiments by reduction of colorfulness by means of a computer program).

On the basis of all the research findings it can be concluded that the colorfulness of the play environment can negatively affect the ability of children to focus their attention and identify figures and objects in their moving space. Considering the nature of activity in the playground (challenge activity, fast movement in the environment which consists of play equipment and a large number of children who move fast) this colorfulness can reduce the safety of the playground.

These findings are consistent with former research studies that have found that a difference in luminance and color in visual field periphery plays a dominant role in attracting attention.

The recommendations of the research emphasize the need to re-estimate the function of color in the playground environment and to recommend a change in the policy regarding colorfulness of children's playground equipment.