טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentAbraham Talila
SubjectResearch and Evaluation of Restroom Grabs and Support Needs
for the Independent Elderly People
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Professor Ron Nabarro
Architect Bilu Blich
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

Preface: This paper studies the mapping of grab points in the toilet room and the house of the independent elderly. Unlike disability, biological aging is a process of multi-system deterioration that requires special attention to the psychomotor and the cognitive changes. These changes harm the every-day function as a whole and functioning in the toilet room in specific.

The Study methods: A Review and survey of the literature was made, A search of the existing aids and accessories was conducted, thereafter building a feasibility model. The model was used for a series of observations of volunteer elderly people and concluded by a personal interview with the volunteers.

The study includes review of the literature in the areas of human engineering, psychology, sociology, and physiology.

Four models were built with accordance to the literature review, and consulting with professionals in human engineering and physiotherapy. The models were examined by a group of old aged volunteers. All observations were recorded on video-tape and then the participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire regarding the models.

Basic Assumptions of the Study:

1. Most of the falls in old age occur during posture changes.

2. The difficulty in progressing within the toilet room is mostly within the posture change from sitting to standing and vise-versa.

3. The existing solutions for these needs are made for the disabled, and might not fit as well for the healthy elderly.

The Aims of this Study are:

  1. To understand and recorgnise the needs and functioning of the elderly in the toilet room at home, and to suggest a conseptual structure which will ensure the stability and security feeling for the healthy, functioning elderly within the community.
  2. To map grab pionts within the space of the toilet room that would fit best the needs of the healthy elderly.
  3. To check the suggested models within the study volunteers, 65 years old and over.

Study Results:

  1. There is a preference amongst the healthy elderly to continue living in an independent house.
  2. There was no resentment to the installation of aids and accesorries in the toilet room
  3. A grab which uses symetric, full dynamic strength during a change of posture and is in continuous eye contact was prefered.

Conclusions:

Physical environment and right accessories, can compensate for physical, cognitive and social changes. This can even  improve the  functionality of the healthy elderly.