|M.Sc Student||Talila Abraham|
|Subject||Research and Evaluation of Restroom Grabs and Support Needs|
for the Independent Elderly People
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisors||Professor Nabarro Ron|
|Architect Blich Bilu|
|Full Thesis text - in Hebrew|
Preface: This paper studies the mapping of grab points in the toilet room and the house of the independent elderly. Unlike disability, biological aging is a process of multi-system deterioration that requires special attention to the psychomotor and the cognitive changes. These changes harm the every-day function as a whole and functioning in the toilet room in specific.
The Study methods: A Review and survey of the literature was made, A search of the existing aids and accessories was conducted, thereafter building a feasibility model. The model was used for a series of observations of volunteer elderly people and concluded by a personal interview with the volunteers.
The study includes review of the literature in the areas of human engineering, psychology, sociology, and physiology.
Four models were built with accordance to the literature review, and consulting with professionals in human engineering and physiotherapy. The models were examined by a group of old aged volunteers. All observations were recorded on video-tape and then the participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire regarding the models.
Basic Assumptions of the Study:
1. Most of the falls in old age occur during posture changes.
2. The difficulty in progressing within the toilet room is mostly within the posture change from sitting to standing and vise-versa.
3. The existing solutions for these needs are made for the disabled, and might not fit as well for the healthy elderly.
The Aims of this Study are:
Physical environment and right accessories, can compensate for physical, cognitive and social changes. This can even improve the functionality of the healthy elderly.