|M.Sc Student||Meirav Genkin|
|Subject||The Involvement of Environmental Non-Governmental|
Organizations in the Israeli Environmental Impact
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Dr. Trop Tamar|
|Full Thesis text - in Hebrew|
The involvement of ENGOs in planning procedures constitutes an important element in environmental conservation, and contributes to the construction and implementation of a development policy which is sustainable. One of the possible means of ENGOs influence on the content of planning decisions is involvement in the EIA procedure.
This study presents an analysis of the mode and level of involvement and influence of Environmental Non Governmental Organizations (ENGOs) on the procedure of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) from the stage of screening an EIS to the phase of approval or rejection of the plan. The main objectives of the research are: (1) to examine the level and nature of involvement of ENGOs in different stages of the EIA procedure; (2) to evaluate the level of ENGOs influence on the process; and (3) to identify the factors contributing to the effectiveness of the involvement process.
The research is based on a model of methodical and comparative analysis of select case studies, in which the involvement of ENGOs in the EIA was identified. The model that was selected, and further developed during the research, is based on the perception that ENGOs influence the procedure of EIA through actors involved in it, by intentional transmittal of information that alters the process and/or its outcomes, in comparison with what might have happened were it not for ENGOs involvement.
The collection and analysis of evidence of the involvement and influence of ENGOs is based on triangulation, namely the use of methods, data types and a variety of data sources, in order to determine the roles of ENGOs in the process. The plans selected for examination are: the plan for an event site in Park 3000 Jerusalem, a small Power Plant in Kiryat Shmona and Medinat Hayeladim amusement park in Nahariya.
Research findings show that the involvement came in response to inadequate regulations, legislative shortcomings or faults in the plan approval procedures. The analysis of each of the cases deals with tracing the involvement process in different stages of the EIA, and examining the influence at each stage. Influences were identified in the three cases on the outcome of the involvement process, that is - impact on the various stages of EIS. The ENGOs also had long term influences, namely affects on policy design and the assimilation of sustainable development principles.