|M.Sc Student||Roni Vardi|
|Subject||Examination of the Master Plan's Structure in Israel|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Tzamir Igal|
|Full Thesis text - in Hebrew|
Throughout the twentieth century, perceptions of the overall plan constituted a pivotal trajectory in the very nature of planning . The planners invented the concept of comprehensiveness, placing emphasis on the functional connection between different components of the plan. . Its roots can be found in Europe in the first half of the nineteenth century (Haussmann’s plan for Paris and Cerda’s for Barcelona). In the United States, the overall plan stems from the City Beautiful movement which developed in Chicago in 1892.
Israel’s Planning and Building Law defines planning by creating a scale of plans. In Israel, plans are usually made up of two main sections: written instructions and a blueprint. This structure has served the Israeli planning system since the days of the British Mandate, from the 1930s onward. Once approved by the planning authorities and lawfully authorized, a plan is binding. The plan and the set of instructions it contains may relate to the whole area of the country or may address a small, restricted area of it.
This research focuses on an examination of the structure of a master plan, as part of mid- and long-term planning in Israel. The current planning method and structure of the plan hinder - and perhaps make impossible - the internalization of new thinking methods. In this research, evaluation was carried out on existing plans. However, defining the criteria for plan evaluation in the form of a tagging list and proper table already constitutes a plan evaluation tool while the plan is being drawn up. The combined use of a model to examine plans and a model of the structure of plans corroborated the research hypothesis. It led to the conclusion that there is room to propose reforms in the area studied . The proposal put forward fundamental reform in the structure of master plans in Israel. For each stage in the planning scale, a plan-based framework is proposed, known as a “planning framework,” that will comprise the relevant planning values and instructions for the jurisdiction - the planning basin, that forms part of the planning framework. The implementation of the proposed reform is aimed at instilling the three chief components that it currently lacks - values; vision; flexibility. The achievements derived from the reform may propel the planning system in Israel a significant step forward, in a manner according with the needs of a modern, twenty-first century society.