טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentBarkay Dov
SubjectThe Motives of National-Religious People for Choosing their
Place of Residence in Religious Community
Settlements In the Galilee
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Dr. Miriam Billig
Professor Emeritus Arza Churchman
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

It was the intent of this research paper to investigate the motives of National-Religious people for migrating from cities with an integrated religious and secular population and the causes for selecting their place of residence in National-Religious settlements. The research population included religious people who chose their place of residence in three National-Religious community settlements in the Galilee: Moreshet, Hoshaya and Mitzpe Netufa.

The research was carried out with a questionnaire distributed in these three settlements, which included three main research issues: the reasons for residing in the settlement, the attitude of the participants in the research to the social life in the settlement and the extent of their satisfaction with their residence in the settlement in comparison to their previous place of residence. The respondents were classified by gender and two age groups. The research indices were divided into four main groups of variables: causes for moving, in which the participant was asked as to the reasons for moving to the settlement in which s/he resides, social life, describing the social life of the participant in his/her present place of residence, satisfaction, describing the participant's satisfaction with the present place of residence in comparison to his/her previous place of residence and demographic data. The variables were divided into two groups appearing systematically in each part of the questionnaire: religious aspects of the process including improvement of the religious services and  fulfillment of national-religious ideology and non-religious aspects such as standard of living, social and family attitudes, employment etc.  

The research hypothesis was that there exists dissatisfaction amongst the religious population, from their present place of residence and hence they are inclined to migrate from religiously integrated cities to neighborhoods and community settlements with a religious homogeneous population. It was determined that the most significant reason for moving to the three research religious community settlements in the Galilee is the desire to improve the religious environment relative to the former place of residence.

From the findings it appears that the social involvement of the residents is very high. This is typical for a "closed" community which is also geographically far from other settlements, except that this is characterized within a community framework which is committed to the Jewish Law.  Satisfaction with this social framework supports the religious motive as the principal motive for the movement to religious community settlements.