|M.Sc Student||Gecht Noa|
|Subject||Characterizing Basic Attitudes toward Nature among|
Selected Groups in the Israeli Public
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisors||Dr. Tamar Trop|
|Professor Shaul Amir|
Beliefs and attitudes toward nature received extensive and thorough investigation in many countries. In Israel, however, this subject has been poorly studied. The main objectives of this research are: (1) to identify and characterize basic attitudes among selected Israeli population groups toward nature and toward policy tools for nature conservation; (2) to examine the relationship between those basic attitudes and selected cultural and demographic variables; and (3) to examine the correlation between those attitudes and willingness to support selected policy tools for nature conservation.
The data for the research was collected by a questionnaire that was distributed among 391 Israeli-Jews and Israeli-Arab students from 3 Israeli universities. The survey was mainly based on a framework that was developed by Stephen Kellert and applied in several studies. This framework classifies fundamental value attitudes toward animals and toward the natural environment to nine categories.
The survey results showed significance differences between the Jewish and the Arab surveyed students, both in the nine basic attitudes toward nature and in the willingness to support nature conservation policy tools. It further emerged, that the groups' inclination regarding nature could only predict support for policy tools among Jewish students. The survey results emphasize the need of planners and policy makers to consider cultural differences in natural areas' planning processes.