|M.Sc Student||Liat Dankner|
|Subject||The Movement Space in Tel-Aviv|
Everyday Urbanism, Planning and Urban Design
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Kallus Rachel|
The hypothesis of this study is that there are many factors apart from planning that affect the movements of people and vehicles in the open public spaces of a city. Its purpose is to examine the role of daily life in designing the spaces for movement, and the connection between the urban everyday lived experiences and planning activities .
What are the relationships between movement, space, and daily life? What connects planning with everyday life in the city?
The study begins by reviewing the literature. It then outlines the argument in favor of “everyday urbanism”, i.e. that the lived experience is more important than the physical form in defining a city. Urbanism is understood as the outcome of the demands of everyday use and the social struggles of city users.
The empirical study is divided into four investigations, each presenting a different aspect of the research. This creates a composite, kaleidoscopic picture of spatial movement in the city, in this case Tel-Aviv, an intensive urban space where many encounters occur. The first investigation discuses design issues by means of analyzing plans prepared for the city at various periods. The second investigation identifies interest groups in the movement space and analyzes their goals and platform. The third investigation presents the professional tools of the urban designers, and their effect on the urban space. This enables learning about the physical structure of the city. The last investigation includes observations of the spatial movement in the city and interviews with its users in order to get acquainted with the city’s daily life from a subjective point of view. These observations were made in five Tel-Aviv streets, on three days of the week at different times. Residents of different genders, ages, and ways of using the spaces for movement were interviewed.
The conclusions based on the analysis of the four investigations indicate that in order to create places of content and significance in the city, one must understand the life conducted in it. The contribution of the study is in providing a new point of view that expands the everyday urbanism approach and gives a new framework for understanding the role of planning in consolidating the urban public space.