|M.Sc Student||Eldar Hagit|
|Subject||Pattern of Use of Public Space By Parents of Pre-School|
Age Children, by Gender and Socio-Economic Status
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Arza Churchman|
|Full Thesis text - in Hebrew|
In the field of urban planning researchers examine the environment's suitability for women's needs and their ability to fulfill their many social roles. In recent years researchers have recognized the fact that women are not a homogeneous group, but rather can be divided into many groups.
In this study a double comparison was made: between women and men from the same socio-economic status and the same neighborhood (Ramat Chen), and between two groups of women from different socio-economic status who reside in neighborhoods with different characteristics (Ramat Chen and Ramat HaShikma). The study focuses on parents of pre-school age children (it was assumed that in those households the difference in the extent of roles demanded of women and men would be the largest).
23 women from each neighborhood and 20 men from Ramat Chen filled out questionnaires distributed at their children's day care centers. Despite the small sample, the significant differences between the groups point to a possible trend.
An index was developed to assess the extent of household duties performance. The difference in the extent of household duties was significant both between women and men, as well as between the two groups of women. The women from Ramat Chen performed more duties than the men, but less than the women from Ramat HaShikma.
Another index assessed the level of flexibility of the respondents while performing daily activities. There was no significant difference between women and men, but an accumulation of data with similar tendencies suggests that the flexibility level of men is higher. Flexibility levels were significantly different between the two groups of woman - the flexibility level of the women from Ramat Chen was higher.
The three groups were set on an imaginary axis and their relative location on it was examined. For most variables, the men were located at one end of the continuum, the women from Ramat HaShikma were located at the other end, and the women from Ramat Chen moved between the two ends. In most variables concerning household and family function, the women from Ramat Chen were closer to the women from Ramat HaShikma, indicating that the influence of gender was stronger on this pattern of behavior. In the flexibility level and the satisfaction with workplace and neighborhood, the women from Ramat Chen were closer to the men from their neighborhood, indicating that the influence of socio-economic status was stronger on these variables.