|M.Sc Student||Koren Zvi|
|Subject||The Inter-Urban Space in Israel, in the Light of New|
Insights of Urbanity and Urban Design
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Igal Tzamir|
In recent years a major process of change is taking place in the shape and structure of the city. Various activities related to work, shopping, recreation and leisure move to areas that in the past were considered outside the city limits, and the inter-urban space is thus gradually transformed into a daily living space. In Israel, this urban process takes place in a context that is intrinsically rich in meaningful images and that reflects fundamental question of identity and social values.
The theoretical literature on city sprawl tends to regard this phenomenon as a manifestation of the breakdown of the traditional values of urbanity. The aim of this work is to present a possible approach for the study and design of this emerging city/region, as a new type of a valuable, thus complex urban space.
We suggest a description of the inter urban space in Israel which employs ten categories of spatial images, that coexist in space and time and their interplay shapes the interurban space: the traditional city, nature and open spaces, the landscape of rural settlements, suburbs, landscape features of Arab settlements, army and security, history and religion, Infrastructures, public content, and new urbanity due to the spreading of the urban centers. The way in which this complex interurban space is experienced is illustrated here by description of several journeys from the center of country to the north.
We then introduce a general conceptualization of the inter urban space in Israel by implying the traditional Jewish concept of "RASHUT HARABIM" (the domain of many) meaning a universal space that moves in and out of the desert, the forest and the fields to the limits of urban settlements, with the alternative concept of a space "RASHUT HYAHID" (the domain of the individual) that is private or shared by a community of related people. We submit that the interplay between these seemingly contradictory concepts creates the metaphor that can best explain the role of the interurban space in Israel.
On this conceptual base a framework for the planning and design of the Israeli city is suggested, base on the tension between local design efforts reflecting specific interest and identities and general planning and design control. Between these poles a new field of design can be defined, that focuses on the space between traditional localities and searches for new physical and perceptual connections and renewed composite spatial images.