|M.Sc Student||Ornit Morgenstern|
|Subject||The Influence of the Transitions in Planning Thought and|
Paradigms on the Urban Planning and Development
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Izhak Schnell|
The subject of this thesis is to examine whether the changes in urban space are expressive of a deep and essential change in world concept: do they point at a move from a modern world-view into a post-modern world-view or are we merely dealing with random, local changes.
The modernistic paradigm is based on functionality devoid of ornamentations.
The Post-modernistic approach developed as an antithesis to the modernistic one. It promotes heterogeneity, difference and uniqueness in its approach to planning and esthetics is a significant, central element.
The research hypothesis is that the changes in the urban scene are expressive of a paradigmatic change. The study group is ten approved City Detail Plans in Tel Aviv from the mid 1980’s until the summer of 2005.
The findings confirm, though not completely, the research hypothesis, which assumes the existence of post-modernistic expressions in the designed and approved City Detail Plans of Tel Aviv, particularly in the past ten years.
These findings also suggest that these post modernistic characteristics do not represent a radical paradigmatic change from modernism to post-modernism, but are a further stage in the development of the modernistic paradigm.
There has not been found, however, even one program that is totally compatible with one of these two dichotomical approaches.
The shift in the planning approach, from modernistic to post-modernistic, is mostly expressed on the level of neighborhood planning, in its structure and design, and more so on the overall urban level, particularly in the planning procedures.
The city detail plans display sites typified by diversity in land uses, along the post-modernistic approach. The main expression of the post-modernistic planning approach is that the city detail plans are provided incentives and promotion mostly from private entrepreneurs. Stress is laid on urban planning as the leverage for economic growth and development and encouraging private capital enterprise. The local authority privatizes infrastructure projects. In later programs surveyed reference to the location and the singularity of the planned site are manifested, as well as attention to maintaining designing flexibility in the plans in order to increase their applicability. Emerging consideration of the quality of life and environment is also observed, including hints of environmental friendly planning approaches.
Trends of post-modernistic urban planning have affected the landscape of Tel Aviv. It is now left to wait and see whether these trends increase.