טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentMargalit Orna
SubjectAssessing the Integration of Environmental Considerations
in Comprehensive-National and Regional-Land Use
Plans Prepared in Israel between
1990-2005
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Dr. Tamar Trop
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

The decade and a half since the 1990s was a period that led to a broad range of comprehensive land use plans on a national, regional and local scale in Israel. This period is also characterized by dramatic changes in environmental perceptions. This research examines the environmental considerations that have been integrated into the comprehensive planning schemes prepared since the early 1990's, and the extent to which these considerations have been expressed.

A survey of international and Israeli literature on this subject shows that there is no uniform and agreed upon list of environmental considerations that should be applied to land use planning. Given this background, we recognized the need to develop a new method that is relevant to Israel and the type of plans under study. Development of such a method includes: establishing a list of environmental indicators and subjects; characterizing the plans and their contents; creating a methodological framework for comparing different plans based on the types and the statutory force of documents they contain; and designing qualitative criteria and detailed scales for analyzing plan contents.

A list of the topics and indicators, ultimately included 20 main categories (among these are: air quality, open spaces water quality and quantity), and 75 indicators.

The research included all the comprehensive national and regional plans that were approved or submitted (if not yet approved) between 1990 and 2005. This list contains two national planning schemes and five regional planning schemes.

For the purpose of analyzing their contents, a model was developed that attributed a weight to both the degree of the expression of the environmental indicator, and the document in which it was found.

The study’s findings indicate a vast difference in the way environmental issues are incorporated into the plans, reflecting large gaps in the frequency of their appearance and the degree to which environmental issues are reflected in the plans.

The findings of this study and its recommendations derive from an examination of comprehensive plans at the national and regional levels, but they are quite relevant and could be useful for examining plans at other planning levels as well. Adopting the study’s recommendations, and developing a guide for including environmental issues in land use plans, are likely to streamline planning processes and ensure a more systematic and professional approach towards integrating the environmental sphere in future land use planning, thereby enabling better control.