טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentRuth Rotenstreich
SubjectCharacterization of Digital Architecture: Concept Analysis
Precedents
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Oxman Rivka


Abstract

Digital Architecture today depends on the use of digital technology and digital media. Digital Architecture is regarded as a unique field since it is motivated by new theoretical origins, supported by digital technology, provides a new design approach and results in a new architectural discourse. However, today we are missing an unequivocal, theoretical framework for the new field of digital architecture. In this research the following issue is raised: Is digital architecture a unique phenomenon? Or, is it an evolutionary design process affected by the new media?

                                                        

To answer this question we examine the field from a theoretical point of view.

The study deals with the examination of conceptual terms (linguistic terms) in architecture, providing a reflection on architectural thinking. Design concepts which served as the conceptual content of the digital media are becoming integral part of the architectural dialogue.


The study describes a process of emergence, migration and formalization of new conceptual structures during the last decade, under the influence of the digital media. The study examines the appearance of new ideas in the architectural thinking which refer to the field of digital architecture from the early eighties until today.


The museum as a building type was selected as a case-study. Museums are representative building types, which not only function as such but serve also as a cultural symbol.

The research methodology known as text analysis is employed for the analysis of architectural texts. The methodology is based on a method known as Content Analysis. The analysis criteria were based on a computational framework which is unique for architecture known as “ICF” (Issue, Concept, and Form) (Oxman, 1994). These two approaches were integrated and became a basis for a new methodology termed “Design Content Analysis”. In developing and employing this research methodology we have encoded, categorized and analyzed architectural texts.


Our findings demonstrate a change that is taking place in the field of digital architecture. Significant processes occur not only in the technological - practical dimension but also in thinking and ideological conceptualization process. We have found out that digital architecture has been characterized in the last decade by changes in the emergence, migration and formalization of conceptual terms reflecting significant changes in their significance and “location” in the design process hierarchy. The study contributes to the understanding and re-definition of the conceptual content of current architectural discourse in the field of digital architecture.