The development of additional
international airport, justified by the expected Israeli population growth and
located in the Haifa metropolitan area, was already decided by the planning
authorities of the existing airport in Haifa, is heavily criticized as being in
grave conflict with safety norms for aircraft accessibility.
A second, equally pressing problem
is the need of a deep-water transit harbor (minimum 20 m depth), and therefore
mostly economical reasons, and its location in the Haifa bay rests on a strong
This research project was focused
mainly on solving a combined complex facility of air terminal and deep water
harbor in the Haifa bay, while resolving the operational-physical conflicts
between the two and freeing the existing coast line for alternative
The emerging rational:
- Minimizing the environmental and
functional conflicts with the urban and populated systems on land and
freeing the Haifa urban front for alternative civic welfare activities.
- Obtaining the required runways
and aerial conditions for a high-class airport and allowing for a future
expansion of both terminals.
- Saving on mutual infrastructures.
- Complex environmental conditions,
aggravated because of the combined development.
- Critical shortage in fill
- Strong built-in conflicts between
the marine and the air terminals, because of the imposed proximity,
concerning safety as dictated the standard codes.
- High realization costs per
developed area, imposing far-reaching compactness on the combined terminal
- Advantageous site choice which
combines the shallow under-water “Talbot Ridge” for supporting the
breakwater and the “Flight decks”, and a deep-wide water channel as
required for deep-water port.
- Utilization of alternative marine
technologies; (sponge-breakwaters and container platforms), for drastic
saving in fill materials.
- Raising considerably the runway
deck structures level, to reduce conflicts between the combined terminals
and increase it’s for saving on development cost.
- Raising the runway supplies large
inner space under the deck structure, suitable for a wide use of port
activities and storage volumes.