טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentFeldblum Ignat
SubjectIntegrated Aerial, Marine and Land Terminal, in the Haifa
Bay
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Michael Burt


Abstract

The development of additional international airport, justified by the expected Israeli population growth and located in the Haifa metropolitan area, was already decided by the planning authorities of the existing airport in Haifa, is heavily criticized as being in grave conflict with safety norms for aircraft accessibility.

A second, equally pressing problem is the need of a deep-water transit harbor (minimum 20 m depth), and therefore mostly economical reasons, and its location in the Haifa bay rests on a strong rational.

This research project was focused mainly on solving a combined complex facility of air terminal   and deep water harbor in the Haifa bay, while resolving the operational-physical conflicts between the two and freeing the existing coast line for alternative development.


The emerging rational:

  1. Minimizing the environmental and functional conflicts with the urban and populated systems on land and freeing the Haifa urban front for alternative civic welfare activities.
  2. Obtaining the required runways and aerial conditions for a high-class airport and allowing for a future expansion of both terminals.
  3. Saving on mutual infrastructures.


Design constrains:  

  1. Complex environmental conditions, aggravated because of the combined development.
  2. Critical shortage in fill materials.
  3. Strong built-in conflicts between the marine and the air terminals, because of the imposed proximity, concerning safety as dictated the standard codes.
  4. High realization costs per developed area, imposing far-reaching compactness on the combined terminal complex.

Solution characteristics:

  1. Advantageous site choice which combines the shallow under-water “Talbot Ridge” for supporting the breakwater and the “Flight decks”,  and a deep-wide water channel as required for deep-water port.  
  2. Utilization of alternative marine technologies; (sponge-breakwaters and container platforms), for drastic saving in fill materials.
  3. Raising considerably the runway deck structures level, to reduce conflicts between the combined terminals and increase it’s for saving on development cost.
  4. Raising the runway supplies large inner space under the deck structure, suitable for a wide use of port activities and storage volumes.