|M.Sc Student||Pesoa Jose|
|Subject||Arrangements for the Young in Kibbutzim in Response to a|
Crisis of Defection
|Department||Department of Industrial Engineering and Management||Supervisor||Mr. Chanoch Jacobsen (Deceased)|
Study arrangements for youngsters in the kibbutzim appeared 15-17 years ago. Their main goal is to reduce youngsters’ defection from their kibbutz. According to the study arrangement the kibbutz pays tuition toward a BA 3-4 years, while the youngsters finance all other expenses. Two main types of arrangements are distinguished: In the “120 type” the youngsters live and work in the kibbutz (approximately 120 days a year), which takes charges of all their financial needs. In the “Atzmaut (Independence) type” the youngsters are responsible for earning their living. This paper sought to ascertain which type of arrangement succeeds in keeping more youngsters in the kibbutzim.
A survey conducted in October 1999 among 88 kibbutzim of both major movements, the Takam and the Ha’artzi, found that till year 1998 the 120 type of arrangement was dominant, switching after that to the Atzmaut type.
A second survey was conducted in October 2000, among 30 kibbutzim of the Takam and the Ha’artzi movements. They were asked about the leaving of their youngsters during their first year after finishing studies. It was found that the probability to leave under the Atzmaut type is 1.12 time higher than under the 120 type. Defection is connected to many structural factors, usually acting together: The economic crisis, the weakening of the value system, the lack of answers to the need of the young for increased autonomy, and the lack of professional challenges.