|M.Sc Student||Bar-Peled Dganit|
|Subject||Urban Mass Transportation System as a Generator of Urban|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Igal Tzamir|
This thesis analyses the reciprocal relations between transit and urban form, namely the influence of mass transit system on urban development and land use.
At present we are witnessing a rapid process of urbanization, and therefore environmental organizations and planning authorities are acting together to reduce urban sprawl by encouraging compact urban development through the use of mass transit means instead of cars.
Building on this concept, the objectives of this research were: 1) to clarify whether there is a change in the urban form resulting from a construction of a mass transit system, 2) to identify the effects of transit investments on shaping land use and urban form, 3) to demonstrate that coordination in planning transit and urban form relationships can be significant, and 4) to detect any additional benefits to the targeted neighborhood due to these coordinated efforts.
In order to examine the extent and characteristics of the above changes, five international case studies of metropolitan areas were examined. The case studies are Portland, Oregon; Copenhagen, Denmark; Curitiba, Brazil; Washington, D.C.; and San Francisco, California. The characteristics and changes were examined in different urban scales and in different technologies as mass transit system.
The research findings are clear: in all the cases examined, the density of residential, employment and commercial building along the transit corridor increased, following the implementation of the mass transit system. Larger land coverage and height of buildings as well as mixing in land use were often observed.
The most significant changes on the urban form were observed in a radius of 400 meters around the stations, Concentration of development along the transit corridor was characteristic to all the cases examined but the intensity of the development depends on the transit technology.
This research also presents additional values to the city resulting from the implementation of a mass transit system, such as aesthetic improvement of the neighborhood, as well as, upgrade in the quality of life for the residents.