|M.Sc Student||Belikoff Michal|
|Subject||Policy Evaluation of Public Services for|
the Bedouin Community within the Misgav Regional
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Hubert Law-Yone|
The research is a client-oriented ethnographic evaluation research, which aims at examining the manner in which public services are provided from the perspective of social justice and equity. Social justice and equity are examined in terms of the accessibility of public services to the client. The “client” in this case is a population of 5,500 Bedouin in six villages within the territory of the regional council of Misgav, in the central Galilee of northern Israel. Public services are perceived as a basic resource (of existence) from two points of view, namely as a provider of basic needs and as a source of income. Services that are located within the territorial boundaries of a group are perceived as recognition by the authorities and, as such, a guarantee that the group will remain on its land. Public services are also perceived as a sign of the willingness of the state to integrate the Bedouins as equals into the Israeli society. Three aspects of accessibility have been examined: spatial and economic accessibility and accessibility to decision making forums. The socio-political organization of the Bedouin society, the constellation of providing public services and the amount of confidence in the system constitute the main factors influencing the perceived accessibility of public services. Disagreements on issues like the location of services, spatial allocation, management of public services and the nomination of officials became sources of confrontation between the Bedouin and the regional council. Progress and action in the field have contributed to an increase in morale and sporadic feelings of satisfaction and belonging, but the basic feeling among the Bedouin, as a minority, remains unchanged as one of discrimination, inequality, and being torn away from the broader community.