|M.Sc Student||Awad Farid|
|Subject||The Process of Change of the Arab House in the Galilee|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Ms. Rachel Sebba|
This paper introduces a descriptive research which deals with the mutual relations between the structure of the family and the structure of the house in the Arab village . It describes the expansion and renewal of the house as a result of the development of the family and the changes in its needs .
The paper describes the findings of a field study which observed the family development process in 12 father houses between 1948 - 2001 , and the living in 72 units , built and undergone some changes during those years .
Documenting the buildings was based on plans found in the archives of the local council , documents of old buildings and changes made in newer ones , by measurement , sketches photos and observations in the houses .
Historical documentation of the family structure and the history of its house is based on interviews with the old people of the village and with all the houses’ owners .
The research focuses on the personal story of each son of the 12 family houses , detailing the circumstances which brought the changes in the building and the strategies used in each case .
These strategies include : new buildings , expansion of existing houses , addition of new floors and balconies , closing balconies , closing ground floor , internal changes , change of tenants etc .
The research found out that the preferred way of adding living space and improving them is a consequence of the family demographic needs , its economical situation and the space reserves it possesses , combined with its normative approach of patriarchal tradition and economical constraints - which dictates that the sons’ dwellings should be adjacent to their parents’ houses .
It was also found out that during the last 50 years , a process of improvement occured in the economical situation of villagers , as well as quality of their buildings . Together with the additional buildings and their expansion , the congestion increased dramatically , affecting negatively family life and its quality . this was described by the participants of the study as an impasse since they saw no alternative to the economical situation on one hand , and a break through of tradition and living norms on the other .