טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentFarid Awad
SubjectThe Process of Change of the Arab House in the Galilee
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Ms. Sebba Rachel


Abstract

This paper introduces a descriptive research which deals with the mutual relations between the structure of the family and the structure of the house in the Arab village . It describes the expansion and renewal of the house as a result of the development of the family and the changes in its needs .

The paper describes the findings of a field  study which observed the family development process in 12 father houses between 1948 - 2001 , and the living in 72 units , built and undergone some changes during those years .

Documenting the buildings was based on plans found in the archives of the local council , documents of old buildings and changes made in newer ones , by  measurement , sketches photos and observations in the houses .

Historical documentation of the family structure and the history of its house is based on  interviews with the old people  of the village and with all the houses’ owners .

The  research focuses on the personal story of each son of the 12 family houses , detailing the circumstances which brought the changes in the building and the strategies used in each case .

These strategies include : new buildings , expansion of existing houses , addition of new floors and balconies , closing balconies , closing ground floor , internal changes , change of  tenants etc .

The research found out that the preferred way of adding living space and improving them is a consequence of the family demographic needs , its economical situation and the space reserves it possesses , combined with its normative approach of patriarchal tradition and economical constraints - which dictates that the sons’ dwellings should be adjacent to their parents’ houses .

It was also found out that during the last 50 years , a process of improvement occured in the economical situation of  villagers , as well as quality of their buildings . Together with the additional buildings and their expansion , the congestion increased dramatically , affecting negatively family life and its quality . this was described by the participants of the study as an impasse since they saw no alternative to the economical situation on one hand , and a break through of tradition and living norms on the other .