|M.Sc Student||Noyman Tamir|
|Subject||Work-Related Risk Factors of Employee Substance Abuse in the|
|Department||Department of Industrial Engineering and Management||Supervisor||Mr. Peter Bamberger|
The purpose of this study was to examine the degree to which work-related factors may account for the variance in employee substance abuse in a typical, Israeli manufacturing firm. The research literature from the United States and Europe revealed several dominant job-related antecedents for drug and alcohol abuse in the workplace. Yet this issue has, to date, been neglected by Israeli researchers and practitioners alike. Accordingly, we proposed a psychosocial framework, focusing on four major risk factors: (1) peer norms (i.e., permissive vs. strict drinking culture), (2) alienation, (3) stress, and (4) policy enforcement.
Using a self-report questionnaire, we collected data from a random sample of 574 blue-collar employees at 9 different worksites. 74 employees (approximately 12.9%) were identified as suffering from substance abuse-related problem (alcohol or drugs or both). The results of logistic regressions verified that permissive drinking culture and high level of alienation positively affected the likelihood of suffering from substance abuse problem. In regard to stress, while traditional stress-inducing conditions (i.e., role conflict, job insecurity, and job complexity) did not affect the likelihood of suffering from substance abuse problem, perceived exposure to health hazards was positively associated with such result. Finally, from a policy enforcement perspective, perceived competence of supervisor to handle substance abuse-related problems was found to have a marginal effect, by reducing the likelihood of suffering from substance abuse problem.