|M.Sc Student||Degany Ofri|
|Subject||Factors of Success in the Viability of the Kibbutz: The|
Regional Council's Contribution to Sustaining the
Kibbutz as a Unique Form of Settelment
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisors||Dr. Anat Gonen|
|Professor Daniel Czamanski|
The traditional kibbutz was characterized by a stable structure: a firm ideological base, dictating the community's way of life, and external support systems, which constituted a source of political, organizational and economic power for the settlements. The crisis, the weakening of the kibbutz support systems and the undermining of its stability, obliged the involvement of external parties, in order to replace the failing systems and assist in sustaining the kibbutzim as unique settlements.
The main argument of the study, is that regional municipal councils, constitute the most suitable source for assisting their constituent kibbutzim. To substantiate the argument, the dual-level model, according to which the local government operates in the rural sector in Israel, is presented, and the empowerment process of the regional councils is reviewed. The thesis demonstrates three steps being taken by the regional councils, in order to address the new needs of the kibbutz residents:
1. The councils have upgraded their service systems with the aim of providing services which no longer exist in the settlements;
2. Various models of the renewed role division between the regional councils and the settlements' systems are checked, with the aim of achiving optimal performance of the service systems for the residents' benefit;
3. Presenting recruitment of office holders at the regional councils, into active involvement in the kibbutz management, without harming the sovereignty of the kibbutz institutions.
The main contribution of this study, is in mapping out the tools developed by the regional councils, in order to support the transformation processes in their constituent kibbutzim, and in offering an alternative solution to the traditional support systems of the kibbutz establishment.